Prambanan temple is located some 17 km from Yogyakarta. You can't miss it because it is only 100 meters off the main street and you can actually see it from the road. The Sanjaya Dynasty built this 47 meters high Hindu temple in the 9th century. It consists of three courtyards. The main temple is located in the inner courtyard and surrounded by several small temples. Local chieftains contributed some of these as a tribute the king. As a Hindu temple the main building has three shrines, dedicated to the Hindu trinity: Shiva, Vishnu, and Brahma. Each of these shrines is facing a smaller shrine for their vehicles. The cow (Nandi) is the Vehicle of Shiva, the destroyer God. The eagle (Garuda) is the vehicle of Vishnu, the guardian God and the swan (Angsa) is the vehicle of Brahma, the creator God. Entering the main temple from the north, one will find a statue of the very beautiful princess, Roro Jonggrang. According to the legend, Roro Jonggrang was the daughter of King Boko, who was cursed into a statue. The legend also says that a young powerful man named Bandung Bondowoso wanted to marry Roro Jonggrang. Since she didn't love him, Roro Jonggrang tried to avoid the marriage by asking Bandung Bondowoso a special present. To prove his power Bandung was asked to build a thousand temples in one night. Having supernatural power, Bandung had almost successfully finished his task, but Roro Jonggrang found a way to prevent this excellent achievement. Jonggrang asked the maidens of the east village of the temples to burn the hay and pound the rice in order to create a situation like dawn just before sunrise. So when the cocks begin to crow, all the supernatural beings flew away because they thought it was already dawn. Being unable to control his anger, Bandung Bondowoso curses Roro Jonggrang into a statue that is now there to complete the temple. Relieves depicting the heavenly creatures were carved around the foot of Siva temple, symbolizing the cosmic system. Entering the temple from the east and walking around the base of the temple with the main shrine on the right (Pradaksina), one can enjoy the whole story of the Ramayana. These relieves portraying the Ramayana story are to be found on the balustrade of Brahma temple. From May-October, at full moon, the story of Ramayana is performed in the form of a traditional dance. The show is performed from 7.30 pm to 9.30 p.m. on an open-air stage on the west side of the temple.
Borobudur is the greatest of all Buddhist temples in the world and one of the wonders of the world. It was built around the beginning of the 9th century by the Syailendra Dynasty. When Buddhism decreased in Java, Borobudur was abandoned. Only much later in 1814 it was discovered by Sir Raffles during the time when the British ruled Java. Borobudur is 42 m. in height and has 10 terraces. The three top levels are circular and it is where the Buddhist stupas are placed and the seven others are square and it is where the reliefs of Buddha Gautama's life and love are carved.
The giant smoking Mount Merapi is one of the several active volcanoes found in Indonesia, sitting peaceful and sleepy in the middle of the forest. During its resting time from volcanic activities, it will enable those who have interest in mountaineering to climb it and enjoy the flora and fauna of the tropical rain forest. From the observation post located on Plawangan hill that can be reached through the forest resort of Kaliurang, one will be able to get the incredible view of molten rocks mudding over the rim, sometimes accompanied by hot lava pouring out slowly and leaving along a trail of smoke. Mount Merapi is 2,920 m. above sea level with an average temperature between 15-16 degrees.
Parangtritis has been famous since a long time, not only as a beach resort with its dramatic black sand dunes and rocky cliffs, but also as a historical place which connects to the mysterious legend of the Queen of the South Sea, Kanjeng Nyi Roro Kidul, the feared, ever youthful and beautiful queen who reigns over the ocean nymphs and spirits. It is said that the name Parangtritis expresses a natural phenomenon. From the wall of one of the hills water containing calcium drops off, continuously dripping down and finally forming a pool with a very clear water in it. Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono VII found this formed pool and took care of it. The pool is now functioning as the bathing pool of Parangtritis and it is open to public. Parangtritis is located about 27 km from Yogyakarta, and there are mainly two ways to reach it . First route: Yogyakarta/Kretek/Parangtritis. Second route: Yogyakarta-Imogiri Siluk-Parangtritis. This route is 35 km long and connects with two other interesting sites such as the Royal Cemetery in Imogiri and the old town of Kotagede. This route offers very beautiful scenery with a combination of the river and the range of lime stones hills. All sorts of vehicles can smoothly travel on both roads and directly arrive at the beach. Those who are interested to travel by bus can take a bus at Umbulharjo bus station in Yogyakarta.
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